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Da Ra Bendre

Da Ra Bendre

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Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre was born on the 31st of January 1896,He was amongst the most famous of Kannada poets of the Navodaya Period. He is praised as the gifted poet, he was the second person among eight recipients of Jnanpith Award for Kannada, the highest literary honour conferred in India.He wrote under the pen-name of Ambikatanayadatta. He also held the title Karnataka kula Thilaka and was conferred by Udupi Adamaru Math. He was conferred Padma Shri by The Government of India. D.R Bendre was born on into a Chitpavan Brahmin family at Dharwad in Karnataka.His grandfather was a Dasagranthi and scholar in Sanskrit classical literature. Dattatreya’s father was also a Sanskrit scholar who died when Dattatreya was only 12 years old. Dattatreya later adopted the pen-name of Ambikatanayadatta Bendre completed his primary and high school education in Dharwad with his uncle’s help and completed his matriculation in the year 1913. He joined the FergussonCollege, Pune for his higher education. After obtaining his degree Bendre returned to Dharwad and started teaching at Victoria high school. He married Laxmibai from Ranebennur in 1919. He obtained his Master of Arts degree in 1935.

Starting his career as a teacher at Victoria high school in Dharwad, he worked as a professor of Kannada in D.A.V.College Solapur between 1944 and 1956. In 1956 he was appointed an advisor for All India Radio’s Dharwad station. Bendre formed the “Geleyara Gumpu” in 1922. Mainly intended as a peer group for the study of culture and literature, this friends circle drew poets, writers and intellectuals from different parts of Karnataka including Ananda Kanda, Shamba Joshi, Siddavanahalli Krishna Sharma, Enke, G.B.Joshi, Krishnakumar Kallur, V. K. Gokak and R. S. Mugali.In the year 1926, Bendre started the cultural movement “Nada-habba’”, a celebration of the land and its culture which is still prevalent in Karnataka. This festival is celebrated during the holy month of navaratri.

In 1932 Bendre was sentenced to imprisonment for writing Nara Bali, which was then branded seditious.He was under house arrest in Mugad village. Bendre’s two sons Panduranga and Vamana and daughter Mangala were the only surviving children among nine who were born.In 1943, he presided over the 27th Kannada Sahitya Sammelana held at Shimoga. He went on to become a fellow of the Kannada Sahitya Parishat. In 1972 the Government of Karnataka produced a documentary on his life. Bendre started off with simple and earthly romantic poetry,His later works dig deeper into social and philosophical matters. His poems are linked to the Kannada poetic tradition through their use of folklore, the vachanas and the kirthanas. Apart from native prosodic forms, Bendre has also employed native imagery, folk beliefs, references to Indian mythology and the language spoken by common people. Nada Lila is perhaps the most remarkable of his poetry collections.. All the features of Navodaya poetry like patriotism, the reformatory zeal, critical attitude, Indian culture, consolidation of traditional strength, mystical faith and assertion of a poet’s individuality can be found in this collection of poems. Towards the end of his life Bendre was deeply absorbed in numbers. This was not a new interest for him but now it became a central concern.In his books Vishvadharanasutra and A Theory of Immortality Bendre made ambitious attempts to intuit all knowledge into numbers. He died on 26th October 1981.

Awards and honours : 

  • Jnanpith Award  : 1974
  • Padma Shri  : 1968
  • SahityaAcademy award  : 1958
  • Kelkar prize  : 1965
  • Fellowship of SahityaAcademy : 1968

Poetry collections : 

  • KrishnakumzbzvGvzari : 1922
  • Gari : 1932
  • Moorthi mattu Kamakastoori : 1934
  • Sakheegeeta : 1937
  • Uyyale : 1938
  • Nadaleele : 1940
  • Meghadoota : 1943
  • Haadu Paadu : 1946
  • Gangavatarana : 1951
  • Krishnakumari mattu Haadu Paadu : 1956
  • Sooryapana : 1956
  • Hridayasamudra : 1956
  • Muktakantha  : 1956
  • Chaityalaya : 1957
  • Jeevalahari : 1957
  • Aralu Maralu : 1957
  • Namana : 1958
  • Sanchaya : 1959
  • Uttarayana : 1960
  • Mugilamallige : 1961
  • Yaksha Yakshi : 1962
  • Naku Tanti : 1964
  • Maryade : 1966
  • Shrimata : 1968
  • Baa Hattara : 1969
  • Idu Nabhovani : 1970
  • Vinaya : 1972
  • Matte Shravana Bantu : 1973
  • Olave Namma Badaku : 1977
  • Chaturokti : 1978
  • Paraki : 1982
  • Kavyavaikhari : 1982
  • Balabodhe (1983)
  • Ta Lekkaniki Ta Dauti (1983)
  • Chaitanyada Puje (1983)
  • Pratibimbagalu (1987)
  • Shravana Pratibhe (1987)
  • Kuniyonu Baa (1990)
  • Buddha

Plays

  • Tirukara Pidugu (1930)
  • Uddhara (1930)
  • Nageya Hoge (1931)
  • Hucchatagalu (1935)
  • Hosa Samsara mattu Itara Ekankagalu (1950)
  • Ambikatanayadatta Nataka Samputa (1982)
  • Katha Sankalana
  • Nirabharanasundari (1940)

Criticism

  • Sahitya mattu Vimarshe (1937)
  • Sahityasamshodhana (1940)
  • Vicharamanjari (1945)
  • Kavi Lakshmishana Jaimini Bharatakke Munnudi (1954)
  • Maharashtra Sahitya (1959)
  • Kannada Sahityadalli Nalku Nayakaratnagalu (1968)
  • Matella Jyotu (1972)
  • Sahityada Viratsvaroopa (1974)
  • Kumaravyasa (1979)
  • Matadharma mattu Adhunika Manava (1979)

Edited works

  • Nannadu Ee Kannada Nadu (1928)
  • Hakki Haruthide (1930)
  • Chandrahasa (1948)
  • Hosagannada Kavyashree (1957)
  • Kanakadasa Chaturshatamanotsava Samsmarana – Samputa (1965)

Works in other languages and translations

  • A Theory of Immortality (1977)
  • Santa Mahantancha Poorna Shambhu Vitthal (1963)
  • Samvad (1965)
  • Vittala Sampradaya (1984)
  • Hosagannada Kavyashree (1957)
  • Shantala (1972)
  • Upanishadrahasya, by R.D. Ranade (1923)
  • Bharatiya Navajanma “The Indian Renaissance”, by Sri Aurobindo (1936)
  • Sri Aravindara Yoga Ashrama mattu Tatvopadesha (1947)
  • Kabira Vachanavali (1968)
  • Bhagnamoorthi (Tr. of Anil’s Marathi poem) (1972)
  • Guru Govindasingh (Tr. of Harbans Singh’s book)
  • Noorondu Kavanagalu (Tr. of Tagore’s poems ed. by Humayun Kabir)